Skip Navigation to main content U.S. Department of Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
Bringing you a prosperous future where energy is clean, abundant, reliable, and affordable
Wind Program
About the ProgramResearch and DevelopmentDeploymentFinancial OpportunitiesInformation ResourcesHome
New England Wind Forum


Wind Power Sets New Record in Texas

April 7, 2014

Wind Energy Helped CAISO Avoid Emergency Alert

April 7, 2014

Study Finds Wind Power Cost Competitive with Natural Gas

April 7, 2014

More News

Subscribe to News Updates


U.S. Department of Energy Collegiate Wind Competition

May 5, 2014

Stakeholder Engagement and Outreach Webinar: The 2014 Farm Bill's Renewable Energy for America Program

May 21, 2014

Distributed Wind Energy Workshop

June 7, 2014

More Events

generic image for publication

The Statewide Economic Impact of Wind Energy Development in Oklahoma: An Input-Output Analysis by Parts Examination

March 26, 2014

More Publications

Sign up for the New England Wind Forum Newsletter.

New England Wind Forum

About the New England Wind Forum

New England Wind Energy Education Project

Historic Wind Development in New England

State Activities
New Hampshire
Rhode Island

Projects in New England

Building Wind Energy in New England




Bookmark and Share

Vermont Wind Activities

This Web page summarizes wind activity on the following topics for the state of Vermont. Some of the following documents are available as Adobe Acrobat PDFs. Download Adobe Reader.

Operating and Planned Wind Projects

New England wind projects can be located on our Google Map. This page shows the location of installed and planned New England wind projects. Find windfarms, community-scale wind projects, customer-sited wind projects, small wind projects, and offshore wind projects.

Policies and Guidelines

  • Renewable Portfolio Standard

    This information was last updated on 7/28/2009.

    In 2005, Vermont adopted legislation (Senate Bill 52) to directly promote a statewide purchase of clean energy resources located in Vermont through long-term commitments, in volumes sufficient to meet future load growth in the state. The legislation did not represent a conventional Renewable Portfolio Standard, per se. Instead, it imposed the prospect of a potential Renewable Portfolio Standard that would take effect in 2013 unless certain goals for renewable energy development are met prior to that date. The law is therefore designed to instigate the state's utilities to meet their load growth with a combination of efficiency and renewables and clean combined heat and power, in effect serving as an economic development program to accelerate investment in in-state clean energy resources. See description of SPEED program, below. The law does not create a market for renewable energy credits in Vermont, but rather encourages sale of renewable energy credits into the southern New England Renewable Portfolio Standard markets. Only if insufficient renewable generation capacity is developed in Vermont will a binding Renewable Portfolio Standard take effect.

  • Sustainably Priced Energy Enterprise Development Program

    This information was last updated on 7/28/2009.

    Enacted by the state's legislature and Governor in 2005 (Senate Bill 52), the Sustainably Priced Energy Enterprise Development (SPEED) Program is intended to promote the development of in-state renewable energy resources and ensure that the associated economic benefits flow to Vermont ratepayers. The "SPEED Goal" is to supply all new load growth from January 1, 2005 through July 1, 2012 with electricity generated from renewable energy resources. A minimum SPEED Goal of generating 5% of Vermont's January 1, 2005 load with renewable resources is also included in the law. An additional SPEED Goal is to generate 20% of Vermont's load with renewable resources by 2017. Each of these "goals" represents a non-binding objective — there are no penalties associated with a failure to reach these goals. The individual utilities are ultimately responsible for procuring electricity from SPEED resources on their own initiative since no state power authority has been tasked with the responsibility. As a result, generators interested in providing renewable energy to satisfy SPEED demand should look to individual or joint utility purchasing initiatives, as no formal SPEED procurement proceedings are expected. The Vermont Energy Act of 2009 (H. 446) modifies the SPEED Program by requiring all electric utilities to purchase the production of qualifying renewable energy generators (up to 2.2 MWs) through a cost-based standard offer. See Feed-in Tariff description below.

    More Information

  • Feed-in-Tariff

    This information was last updated on 7/30/2009.

    In May 2009, Vermont became the first state in the nation to enact a law creating a full slate of advanced cost-based renewable energy feed-in tariffs. The Vermont Energy Act of 2009 (H. 446) (PDF 106 KB) modifies the Sustainable Priced Energy Enterprise Development (SPEED) Program to implement a cost-based feed-in tariff, including a reasonable profit set not lower than the highest rate of return of Vermont's investor-owned utilities. The renewable energy tariffs are for 20 years, are differentiated by technology and project size, and are subject to biennial review. Through these tariffs, the Vermont utilities purchase all energy, capacity and Renewable Energy Credit value from participating projects (except that farm methane projects may elect to retain the Renewable Energy Credits). Eligible projects are capped at 2.2 MW while the entire program is capped at 50 MW. Program costs are borne by all ratepayers. For current information on rates and terms, see Dockets 7523 and 7533, Implementation of Standard Offer Prices for SPEED.

Back to Top


Some of the available incentives for projects include tax incentives, public benefits fund supported grants and loans, and net metering. Net metering requires electric utilities to permit customers to reduce their electric bills by generating their own power using small-scale renewable energy systems. The excess power they generate can be fed back to their utilities, actually running their electric meters backwards.

  • Incentives for Wind

    This information was last updated on 7/30/2009.

    • Clean Energy Development Fund

      In 2005, the Vermont General Assembly established the Vermont Clean Energy Development Fund through Act 74 (10 V.S.A. § 6523). The goal of the Fund is to increase the development and deployment of cost-effective and environmentally sustainable electric power resources in Vermont. The Fund's primary focus includes renewable energy combined heat and power technologies. The Clean Energy Development Fund is funded through proceeds due to the state under the terms of two Memoranda of Understanding between the Vermont Department of Public Service and the owners and operators of the Vermont Yankee nuclear power plant, as well as by any other monies that may be appropriated to or deposited into the Fund. The Clean Energy Development Fund will receive payments from the current owners of Vermont Yankee through 2012. The Clean Energy Development Fund issues periodic funding solicitations.

    • Vermont Solar and Small Wind Incentive

      The primary incentive for small wind is the Vermont Solar and Small Wind Incentive. This program has historically been fully subscribed and is subject to periodic funding approved by the Vermont Department of Public Service. In July, 2008 the Vermont Department of Public Service allocated $1.5 million to the program for solar and small wind installations. The program is currently administered by the Vermont Energy Investment Corporation .

    • Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency

      Summary of incentives for both large and small wind systems.

  • Net Metering

    This information was last updated on 7/28/2009.

    In 1998 the Vermont legislature passed H.605, which allowed "net metering." Net Metering is available to eligible renewable energy systems up to 250 kW. "Eligible" renewable energy is defined as "energy produced using a technology that relies on a resource that is being consumed at a harvest rate at or below its natural regeneration rate." The overall cap on net metering is 2% of the utility's 1996 peak demand or peak demand during the most recent calendar year (whichever is greater), on a first come, first served basis. The Vermont Public Services Board has the authority to raise the 2% cap.

    Additionally, Vermont offers a time-of-use net metering arrangement and "group" or aggregated net metering. In a "group" net metering arrangement, the utility issues a single aggregate monthly bill to an assigned contact person, but the actual allocation of credits among group members is the responsibility of the individuals making up the group.

    More information about net metering in Vermont is available from the Vermont Department of Public Service and the American Wind Energy Association.

  • Sales Tax Exemption

    This information was last updated on 7/30/2009.

    Vermont has established a sales tax exemption for wind generating equipment.

  • Property Tax Exemption

    This information was last updated on 7/30/2009.

    Vermont has established a law under which municipalities are allowed to exempt wind power from property taxes, but adoption varies between municipalities.

  • Wind Energy and Local Taxes

    This information was last updated on 7/30/2009.

    In April 2007, the Vermont House of Representatives passed a bill that would provide in-state wind generators with certainty regarding their local, annual real estate tax bills. Rather than relying on individual communities to assess wind energy facilities — almost always without comparable infrastructure on which to base the rate — the House bill would create a tax rate applicable to the facility's annual production. As proposed, the tax would be two-thirds or a penny. Other parties, including the Governor, have suggested one-third of a penny per KWh.

Back to Top


  • Wind Siting on State Lands

    This information was last updated on 7/30/2009.

    In May 2009, the state passed the Vermont Energy Act of 2009 (H. 446) (PDF 106 KB). The law creates new provisions for wind energy generation on state lands — citing wind's "important combination of environmental, energy, and economic benefits to the state." The Legislature concluded that it is reasonable to site wind energy generation facilities on state lands, including commercial scale projects. Siting must not directly conflict with a specific restriction in federal or state law. Sites for wind energy on state lands are to be chosen and developed in a manner that maximizes energy production and minimizes environmental and aesthetic impacts. The new law explicitly includes Agency of Natural Resources lands (both owned and controlled) as potential sites of wind development.

  • Wind Power Permitting Process

    This information was last updated on 7/30/2009.

    In July 2004, an advisory commission was established by Governor Douglas to review whether the current permitting process is appropriate for wind development. A final commission report (PDF 81 KB) was issued in December 2004, with findings showing that the current process is adequate (with some modifications necessary).

  • Wind Energy Planning Resources

    This information was last updated on 7/30/2009.

    In 2002 the Vermont Department of Public Service, with a grant from the U.S. Department of Energy, held a series of workshops in Vermont to address appropriate siting of wind power projects in the state. The workshops aimed to build consensus among developers, government officials, environmentalists, and other stakeholders. The result of this effort was a summary of findings of the workshops and information for planners and others across the state, including the document "Wind Energy Planning Resources for Utility-Scale Systems in Vermont."

Back to Top

Transmission, Interconnection, and System Integration

  • Interconnection Standards

    This information was last updated on 11/2/2011.

    Vermont established standard interconnection safety and technological requirements for net metered systems in April 1999.

Back to Top

Other Initiatives

There is currently no other initiative information available.

Back to Top

Buying Wind Energy

There are currently no wind energy offerings.

Back to Top

List of Installers and Vendors

Back to Top

Anemometer Loan Program

Vermont has a program that loans out devices that will measure wind speed, known as anemometers.

Back to Top

80-Meter Wind Map

Click on the link to read more about the wind resources in Vermont.

Back to Top


Read more information about events happening in the New England region.

Back to Top

News, Publications, and Web Resources

Total of 11 records found.
Page 1 of 2, Sorted by descending title
Filtered by: States

1 2  Next Page >>

Date sort by ascending date sort by descending date State sort by ascending state sort by descending state Type of Information Program Area Title sort by ascending title sort by descending title More Details
VT Publication
Wind Energy Planning Resources for Utility-Scale Systems in Vermont  ...more
7/9/2004 VT Video
Econ. Dev.
WCAX Burlington, VT, profiles a story on KidWind Workshops  ...more
3/22/2006 VT Web Resource
Small Wind
Vermont Small-Scale Wind Energy Demonstration Program  ...more
VT Web Resource
Vermont Incentives and Policies for Renewables and Efficiency (DSIRE Database)  ...more
VT Web Resource
Vermont Department of Public Service, Energy Efficiency Division  ...more
VT Web Resource
Public Lands
Vermont Agency of Natural Resources  ...more
VT Publication
Small Wind
Small Wind Electric Systems: A Vermont Consumer's Guide  ...more
1/6/2003 VT Publication
Small Wind
Siting a Wind Turbine on Your Property  ...more
VT Web Resource
Renewable Energy Vermont (REV)  ...more
3/11/2013 VT News
Public Lands
Case Study: Burke Mountain Wind Turbine, East Burke, Vermont  ...more

Back to Top

Printable Version

Skip footer navigation to end of page.