Connecting to the Grid Guide
Connecting to the Grid Guide
Source: Interstate Renewable Energy Council.
The Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC) has published a new edition of its "Connecting to the Grid" guide (PDF 409 KB) Download Adobe Reader. The fifth edition of this guide, published in July 2007, addresses new and lingering interconnection issues relevant to all distributed generation technologies, including renewables, fuel cells, microturbines, and reciprocating engines. Because interconnection issues remain largely in the domain of the states, the guide has been designed for state regulators and other policymakers, utilities, industry representatives, and consumers interested in the development of state-level interconnection standards.
This free, 44-page publication includes discussions of:
- Technical issues related to distributed generation interconnection, such as safety, power quality, and national codes and standards;
- Legal and procedural issues, such as insurance requirements, standard form agreements and recent trends in policy development;
- Net-metering issues, such as the ownership of renewable-energy credits and the rapid evolution of state policy in the absence of federal guidance; and
- Electrical and building inspectors.
Interconnection is an inherently complex issue due to the many technical and contractual considerations that need to be addressed. Furthermore, because the interconnection of distributed generation challenges the century-old tradition of utility-owned centralized generation, it requires careful considerations and evokes new perspectives on ownership and control.
Many U.S. states, as well as the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, have developed interconnection standards that specify the technical and policy requirements and terms that utilities and distributed generation system owners must operate under. The lack of uniform interconnection standards significantly complicates the interconnection process and historically likely has deterred the deployment of customer-sited distributed generation. On the other hand, well-designed uniform interconnection standards facilitate the deployment of renewables and other forms of distributed generation by specifying the technical and institutional requirements and terms that utilities and distributed generation system owners must abide by.
IREC's Connecting to the Grid guide also includes a description of IREC's model interconnection standards for generators up to 10 megawatts (MW) and IREC's model net-metering rules for generators up to 2 MW in capacity. IREC's model rules promote what it believes to be the best practices developed by states, government entities and other non-governmental organizations. IREC's model interconnection standards and net-metering rules have been instrumental in the development of effective standards and, to an extent, significant distributed generation deployment in several U.S. states.
This information was last updated on August 09, 2011